The Word "тш=Ёрц" designates windows, in some cases the huge size, glazed by the slices of multi-coloured glass connected by lead veins. As a rule, of colour glasses make an ornament or the present subject pictures. The traditional manufacturing techniques of a stained-glass window are difficult and under force only to artists. In this section ways of reception of the stained-glass windows, accessible to the house master are resulted.
the Stained-glass window from beaten glass and silicate glue should be begun with drawing working out in the natural size. Drawing carry out on a sheet of paper in colour. At a drawing choice it is possible to take advantage of elements of a national ornament which is widely presented in the literature, magazines, cards. By sketch working out it is necessary to remember special decorative specificity of a stained-glass window: the dark contour plays a considerable role and consequently should be very expressive on the drawing and at the same time clear, simple, constructive.
The Finished drawing paste from a glass underside on which the stained-glass window, by a face sheet to glass will be carried out. After that a thin brush and a quick-drying paint of black, dark blue or dark brown colour put image contours.
Now it is possible to be engaged in preparation of necessary materials for stained-glass window manufacturing, first of all colour glass. Green and brown colour can be received from beaten bottles, splinters of red glass extract from the fulfilled optical filters used in a photo, from broken rasseivatelja from a back lantern of the car, etc.; dark blue colour of glass sometimes use for manufacturing of perfumery ware. It is possible to take advantage also of the broken fur-tree toys, beaten transparent ware, other splinters of colour glass.
Picked up for colour, glasses break into splinters till the size necessary for performance of a decorative ornament.
Carry out a stained-glass window so. Glass with the pasted drawing stack in horizontal position on the equal basis a face sheet upwards and wipe liquid ammonia. On the surface prepared thus put a layer of silicate glue (liquid glass) and spread a mosaic from colour splinters of glass according to drawing. To spread a decorative ornament it is possible the sites limited to contours. Through 4-6 ch a stained-glass window surface fill in with a continuous layer of glue so that it covered all acting splinters. That glue did not flow down from glass, it is possible to limit it to a framework from wooden reek, temporarily fixed by plasticine. The continuous layer of silicate glue smoothes all roughnesses of a stained-glass window, the surface becomes wavy and shining, well works on a gleam.
For reception of any continuous colour background at stained-glass window manufacturing prepare kashitsu from pounded glass and silicate glue which accurately stack on a surface a brush end face.
Except silicate glue use also epoksidnyj glue or polyester pitch.
, for example, for a house or apartment ornament to celebrating, it is possible to make the Temporary stained-glass window of a cardboard and a tracing-paper or scraps of synthetic films. Produce such stained-glass window in the same sequence, as previous. At first do the sketch in the natural size. Then the received drawing transfer on the sheet of a cardboard equal to the size of a window or a site of a window in which the stained-glass window will be established. After that cut out cardboard sites so that there was a contour of the future stained-glass window which paint in dark colour. Pieces of a transparent colour paper or a film paste from a cardboard underside according to the developed colour score of a stained-glass window. The bright colour paper can be received, having painted a tracing-paper with liquid oil paints without whitewash. The stained-glass window established in a window will play multi-coloured fires in solar beams. In the evening it can be illuminated the electric bulbs placed behind a stained-glass window.
the Stained-glass window from gelatinous paints can be used for ornaments of glass doors and transparent partitions in premises. Paints for glass colouring prepare on the basis of gelatin into which enter aniline dyes.
It is necessary to prepare Gelatinous paints in a small amount how the stained-glass window as they cannot be stored long time will undersign. Prepare them as follows. Take one honour of gelatin (on weight) and plant with three parts of cold water. Gelatin should be in water until will inflate. Then it place in klejanku and dismiss to homogeneous liquid weight. Simultaneously in small capacities with warm water plant aniline paints. On each colour take separate capacity, pour warm water and enter some grains of dye. Dye is necessary for entering in the small portions before reception of desirable colour. If the palette of your dyes is limited, it is possible to expand it by use of colour ink "ррфѕур" The colour hulk or, as a last resort, water colour paints in tubes (it is necessary to mean that for reception of enough wide colour palette yellow, red and dark blue colours, and also additional - green be required, first of all, orange and violet. All other necessary colours receive consecutive imposing of layers of paints listed above colours or mixing of solutions of paints with each other).
Into jars with the dissolved dyes enter in the small portions from klejanki gelatin and carefully mix. It is necessary to mean what to work with paints it is possible only when they warm, therefore they are necessary for warming up continuously, having put capacities on the metal grid laid on a pan with hot water.
Before a list on glass carry out the stained-glass window sketch on a white paper in colour. Then increase it till the sizes of the future stained-glass window by a paper in the form of planimetric drawing which enclose under glass on which the stained-glass window will be carried out. That the stained-glass window was pure, without stains, glass is necessary for washing out or a strong solution of soda, or a chalk and cologne.
Now it is possible to start drawing of planimetric drawing on glass. With that end in view take an oil paint of black or grey colour and a thin brush lead round a drawing contour according to drawing on a paper, enclosed under glass. The line needs to be conducted so that a hand not to concern glasses, differently on a surface there can be fatty stains. The contour of drawing of a stained-glass window should be opaque, therefore the line should be repeated twice, trying that the paint has formed acting relief drawing.
Instead of an oil paint it is possible to use silicate glue into which preliminary it is necessary to enter a ground slate pencil or aluminium powder.
After drying of planimetric drawing it is possible to start stained-glass window colouring by gelatinous paints. For a list of a stained-glass window glass should be in horizontal position. In connection with that that in a paint stained-glass window will work on a gleam, to paint with them it is necessary with glass illumination. Glass for this purpose put on two stools, and under it put a desk lamp. If work is conducted in a sunny day and in well shined room, it is enough to put under glass sheet of a white paper at an angle 45°.
Put gelatinous paints on glass as follows. A soft brush dip into a jar with a paint and in regular intervals paint a site limited to a planimetric paint. As the paint liquid, it blurs at once on this site a uniform layer on which there are no brush traces. After drying on a surface the thin transparent film well passing light is formed. However it is necessary to remember that gelatinous paints are afraid of a moisture, therefore the become soiled stained-glass window cannot be wiped a damp rag. To protect a stained-glass window from a moisture, it tan alum. For this purpose it is possible to use the chromic alum applied in a photo. The sated solution of alum put a soft brush on a stained-glass window surface, and in 10 minutes its rests wash off pure cold water. It is possible to cover a stained-glass window from the inside with the second glass that will reliably protect it from casual damages.