painting and decorating is repair-painting and decorating repair and painting and decorating repair and furnish furnish and repair

Installation and repair of windows and doors (ch. 2)

Doors from wood happen internal and external. On a design they share on frame which consist from obvjazki (bruskov) both filling (panels), and panel board, representing the three-layer design executed from a wooden obvjazki-frame, the plywood revetted from both parties or a firm wood-fiber plate, and internal filling with various materials - bruskami, scraps izoljatsionnyh wood-fiber plates, etc.

Both external, and inside doors do deaf or glazed; odnopolnymi, polutorapolnymi (consisting of two cloths of different width) and dvupolnymi, consisting of two identical cloths on width.

In the glazed doors of a cloth do obvjazochnoj a design which are carried out from integral wooden elements. Vertical and horizontal obvjazki, as a rule, connect on thorns.

For osteklenija doors apply transparent or figured sheet glass in the thickness of 4-5 mm, established on non-drying putty or on rubber linings of P-shaped section with the subsequent fastening wooden shtapikami. External doors do with a threshold, and internal, except for doors in bathrooms, without a threshold. To doors apply boxes and a quarter the depth of 15 mm used for pritvora with a cloth. For increase of tightness of doors in pritvore establish sealing penopoliuretanovuju a lining. Bottom obvjazka boxes are formed and a quarter by a threshold. A box without a threshold embroider in the bottom of an assembly board and krepjat nails to end faces vertical bruskov.

The Door box is made of integral boards in the thickness 50-60 and width by 100 mm or from stuck together bruskov rectangular section. In boards or bruskah choose quarters the depth equal to a thickness of a door cloth taking into account a backlash, and in the thickness of 14-15 mm. Boards or bruski in box corners connect a double open thorn on glue to fastening nageljami.

Warped shutter of a window remove from loops and plane a plane in that place which disturbs to its closing. If oslabli angular connections, it is necessary to strengthen them screws or to put new metal squares.

Sometimes shutters demand more difficult repair - replacements one or several bruskov. In this case remove putty or shtapiki, take out glass. Certainly, such works carry out in summertime. The failed shutter should be disassembled accurately. If necessary do bruski the same size and a profile as failed, and collect a shutter anew. At assemblage of shutters, window leaves, transoms it is necessary to watch, that there were no warps (correctness of assemblage check a ruler or a template), and shipovye connections had no backlashes. At assemblage of the window block hang shutters and a window leaf, adjust shutters to a box, eliminating all defects and discrepancies, and then establish outflow.

If between a wall and a box the moisture gets, these places condense with a tow moistened in cement milk, with the subsequent zadelkoj a cement mortal. Besides, it is necessary to check up and eliminate defects steel otlivov. Otlivy establish with a bias aside from a window. Besides, they are necessary for attaching reliably to a box, providing vlagonepronitsaemost in the bottom part of a window.

Apertures with a bias outside or cuts for a water drain in the bottom part of a box should be cleared periodically of snow, a dirt and a dust, differently the moisture can get into a premise.

It is necessary to remember and that consolidation of backlashes between shutters of covers of window and balcony apertures with the coupled covers by elastic condensing linings (penopoliuretanom or foam rubber) on all perimetre stvornoj considerably raises cover parts vozduho - and heat-shielding properties of fillings of window apertures (not less than on 20%), improves a temperature mode of sites of a wall adjoining windows.

Doors from the wood, let out by the industry, happen internal and external. On a design they share on frame which consist from obvjazki (bruskov) both filling (panels), and panel board, representing the three-layer design executed from a wooden obvjazki-frame, the plywood revetted from both parties or a firm wood-fiber plate, and internal filling with various materials - bruskami, scraps izoljatsionnyh wood-fiber plates, etc.

Both external, and inside doors do deaf or glazed; odnopolnymi, polutorapolnymi (consisting of two cloths of different width) and dvupolnymi, consisting of two identical cloths on width.

In the glazed doors of a cloth do obvjazochnoj a design which are carried out from integral wooden elements. Vertical and horizontal obvjazki, as a rule, connect on thorns.

For osteklenija doors apply transparent or figured sheet glass in the thickness of 4-5 mm, established on non-drying putty or on rubber linings of P-shaped section with the subsequent fastening wooden shtapikami. External doors do with a threshold, and internal, except for doors in bathrooms, without a threshold. To doors apply boxes and a quarter the depth of 15 mm used for pritvora with a cloth. For increase of tightness of doors in pritvore establish sealing penopoliuretanovuju a lining. Bottom obvjazka boxes are formed and a quarter by a threshold. A box without a threshold embroider in the bottom of an assembly board and krepjat nails to end faces vertical bruskov.

The Door box is made of integral boards in the thickness 50-60 and width by 100 mm or from stuck together bruskov rectangular section. In boards or bruskah choose quarters the depth equal to a thickness of a door cloth taking into account a backlash, and in the thickness of 14-15 mm. Boards or bruski in box corners connect a double open thorn on glue to fastening nageljami.