Pritirochnyj a hammer differs from other hammers that its one end has klinoobraznuju the form. The wedge is rounded off and zapolirovan that provides good sliding of a hammer on a surface in the course of grinding. The hammer can be made most. For this purpose in the thickness of 8-10 mm cut out a piece in the size from plywood (60-80) H (30-40) mm and insert into a bar section 40X50 in the length 60X80 mm in which the groove in the width equal to a thickness of plywood is cut out. Working edge of plywood zaovalivajut and zashlifovyvajut an emery paper. A bar nasazhivajut on the wooden handle so that it was perpendicular a working part of a hammer.
After grinding in of one piece of an interline interval smear with glue the following site and impose other piece of an interline interval so that it blocked the previous. Then the ground in adjacent pieces of an interline interval cut a sharp knife, scraps delete, and a joint smooth a hot iron. To prevent possible backlog of edges, a seam glue a gluing tape.
At veneering of small surfaces instead of joiner's it is possible to use glue PVA, especially it is convenient at veneering of edges. (For the big surfaces it is less suitable in connection with fast cooling).
For pasting of an edge of a plate cut out a strip of an interline interval with a stock on perimetre, smear with glue PVA an edge and a strip, put an edge and smooth a hot iron to full shvatyvanija glue. After that a sharp chisel accurately cut off the rests of an interline interval and smooth out corners a grinding paper. In some cases instead of pasting end faces close well ostrogannymi laths.
Hollow boards from wood-fiber plates not fanerujut. It is possible to paste over them with the self-glued film simulating drawing of wood, or a decorative paper with similar drawing, and then varnish NTS in some layers. In the same way in the absence of an interline interval it is possible to finish drevesnostruzhechnye plates.
Mount the built in case in such order. First of all make and freely stack or fix on a floor the socle board consisting from pine bruskov by section 80X50 mm, connected among themselves in the form of four - a coal frame; over a frame the sheet of plywood in the thickness of 8 10 mm or drevesnostruzhechnoj plates in the thickness of 16-19 mm is laid and fixed by nails or screws. Bruski have
So that the socle height made 80 mm. If the width of a frame is more 300 mm, inside cut additional bruski level with the cores bruskami under each vertical board of the future case. The width of a socle frame should be on 20-30 mm less than the planned depth of a case. On a socle surface mark installation sites of vertical walls from veneered drevesnostruzhechnyh plates which attach to a socle round plug-in thorns (shkantami). SHkanty produce from wood of firm deciduous breeds in diameter in 6-14 length of 15-80 mm. That the plug-in thorn has free entered into apertures of connected elements, at its edges do a facet.
On a socle and at end faces of vertical walls drill deepenings, grease with their glue, insert shkanty, and on them nasazhivajut boards of walls. Vertical walls connect among themselves in the top part to the help gorizontalnoso a board from DSP, also fixed shkantami. For increase in rigidity of a case the horizontal board should be fixed to a face wall corners or wooden bruskami. On a horizontal board, also on shkantah, establish vertical walls of mezzanines which in the top part incorporate a wooden lath section 20X60 the mm, attached to end faces of walls screws. On section of a case which should be closed, hang doors.
From the back party it is possible to attach a wood-fiber plate which will give to a case necessary rigidity to end faces of vertical walls and will allow not krepit it to a wall. In this case a socle board also do not fix to a floor, and the case can be moved.
Placing in a hall a mirror, first of all it is necessary to consider that its upper edge should be on the ball 170-175 sm from a floor. Mirror height select depending on space before it. For example, at very narrow premise the mirror height is accepted by 40 sm that allows to see reflexion of a head and plechej. To see reflexion in weigh growth, the mirror height should make 140 sm, the platform before it should be not less 100X100 see
To Attach a mirror to a wall it is possible differently. Many studio and factories make mirrors with apertures for fastening. Fixing anchors and cone-shaped nuts enter into a fastening set. Directly to a wall a mirror with apertures attach so. In the beginning put it to a wall and mark a pencil of an installation site of anchors.
Then make apertures and on a plaster solution establish ankernye bolts. Thus their ends should be split or bent, that they did not rotate at screwing up of nuts. Between a wall and a mirror it is necessary to lay a soft cardboard, a dense fabric or viniliskozhu to level possible roughnesses on a wall. After the mirror will be hung on bolts, it fix the conic nuts screwed on a carving ankernyh of bolts (fig. 47).
A Mirror having apertures, it is possible to attach to sheet of plywood or drevesnostruzhechnoj plates short screws with the big head or bolts with nuts. Bolts and screws for mirror fastening should be used nickelized or chromeplated.
Mirrors without apertures attach to a wall skobami which are given to a mirror at its manufacturing. Skoby it is possible to make and most of strips tonkolistovoj the zinced steel. Strips krepjat to drevesnostruzhechnoj to a plate or plywood in the thickness of 6-8 mm small nails which hammer so that the length of the mirror of the end of a strip bent on edge made 6-7 mm. On the back party of the basis screw ears or loops. The mirror without apertures can be inserted into a wooden framework which attach to a wall.
Mezzanines use for storage of seldom used things. Have them usually on 100-120 mm above a door box. Basic elements of mezzanines - the bottom and a framework with dverkami or sliding shutters.
If on mezzanines the heavy subjects are stored, the bearing board is better for making of the boards in the thickness of 20-30 mm connected among themselves in a quarter, in "ярч and уЁхсхэі" or other ways. In the beginning mark on a wall horizontal lines of the bottom edge of a bearing board and arrange stoppers on which then screw wooden bruski section 30X40 mm in the length equal to depth of mezzanines. On bruski stack a board and attach it to bruskam screws.
For fastening of a bearing board to a wall instead of bruskov it is possible to use metal corners 30Х (30-45) Х45 mm. That regiments of corners did not act, in the bottom plane of a board in places of their arrangement do deepenings.
The Bottom plane of mezzanines can be sheathed a wood-fiber plate, plywood, bumazhno-layered plastic and other sheet materials under colour of walls or a ceiling.
a Fig. 47. Variants of fastening of a mirror with the help :
And - anchors and cone-shaped nuts; - a bolt with a nut; in - skob; g - a wooden framework;
1 - a wall; 2 - a mirror; 3 - a washer from a soft material (a skin, felt); 4 - a cone-shaped nut; 5 - an anchor; 6 - drevesnostruzhechnaja a plate; 7 - a wooden stopper; 8 - a plaster solution; 9 - the screw; 10 - skoba from tonkolistovoj the zinced steel; 11 - a nail; 12 - a screw; 13 - derevjannav rejka
It is possible to paste over This plane also with an artificial interline interval under colour of the built in case in a lobby.
If mezzanines are intended for storage of the easy subjects, the bearing board can be made from drevesnostruzhechnoj a plate fixed with the help bruskov or corners. In this case pertinently to use a plate finished with an interline interval, corresponding on colour and drawing of the built in furniture. It is necessary to make of the same material and doors, accurately having pasted over with an interline interval lateral sides.
Often mezzanines do through that gives the chance to use them from two parties of a corridor. If they are limited by three walls, them do unilateral. Depending on it do two or one framework-box with the doors hung on it which size should correspond to the internal sizes of mezzanines. For its fastening in walls establish stoppers.
The most widespread examples of furnish and the lobby equipment are Above resulted. But variants of its registration exists much more. For example, there are apartments in which lobby walls are upholstered by a fabric with large decorative drawing of white, black and bright green colours. In tone the case by a fabric of bright green colour, and a door - black is finished.
For illumination the mirror lamps of a directional light strengthened on sharnirnyh arms serve. The floor is covered by a carpet material of dark grey colour.
Reception of illusory increase in space small on the area and with low ceilings of a lobby Is worthy. It is reached by that on the bottom surfaces of the mezzanines located in both end faces of a lobby, mirrors are attached. They consist of two parts equal on width and connected at right angle in the form of the letter "+". Thus, mirrors pass from a mezzanine to a wall.
The lobby Colour score can be based on a combination of intensive red colour to natural colour stroganyh the boards covered with a varnish. From these boards are executed a floor and mezzanines. Approach of an interior of a lobby to shape of country dwelling is supplemented with an easy folding little table from wood, decorative subjects on walls, etc.