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Manufacturing of partitions with a covering gipsokartonnymi sheets

Frame partitions with a covering gipsokartonnymi sheets mount in such sequence. First of all prepare wooden bruski section (30-50) H (50-100) mm for racks and a directing skeleton. Bars should be well ostrogannymi and have rectangular section. That designs from wood served long, they are necessary for protecting from destruction by insects, rotting. For the prevention of development of a house mushroom, first of all, it is necessary to watch that used wood was dry and in the further operation was not exposed to humidifying. More often wood protect rolled waterproofing materials which put in places of its contact with stone or concrete walls, an earthen floor, etc. Besides, it is necessary to provide airing of the designs which are in conditions of raised humidity.

Most the effective measure is antiseptirovanie, i.e. propityvanie or a covering the materials interfering occurrence of decay.

For solution reception in hot water (t=90-95°Р) consistently fall asleep components, carefully mixing. A pigment add that it was easier to supervise surface processing. Usually of 1 m 2 wood is spent for a double covering 0,6-0,8 l of a solution.

For the prevention of damage of wood insects it also process special chemicals. When on a surface of designs there were round small apertures, it is necessary to put a solution hlorofosa or karbofosa. For its preparation 30 g this or that chemical plant in 2 l of water. Put a solution a garden sprayer, a spray from a vacuum cleaner or a brush.

For solution reception in hot water (t=90-95°Р) consistently fall asleep components, carefully mixing. A pigment add that it was easier to supervise surface processing. Usually of 1 m 2 wood is spent for a double covering 0,6-0,8 l of a solution.

For the prevention of damage of wood insects it also process special chemicals. When on a surface of designs there were round small apertures, it is necessary to put a solution hlorofosa or karbofosa. For its preparation 30 g this or that chemical plant in 2 l of water. Put a solution a garden sprayer, a spray from a vacuum cleaner or a brush.

It is possible to take advantage also geksahloranom or other chemicals for destruction wood ask, going on sale.

It is necessary to mean that all these substances are poisonous and represent health hazard of the person. Therefore to use them it is necessary cautiously, and at raspryskivanii it is necessary to put on a respirator.

Prepared (i.e. Dried up and processed) skeleton bars make an incision on the sizes of a premise, - the height of racks of a skeleton should be equal to distance from a floor to a ceiling minus a thickness of bars of the top and bottom directing. The length of the directing should equal to distance between premise walls in which the partition is established. On floor and ceiling surfaces put a line of installation of a partition (it is necessary to track that the line was strictly perpendicular to walls) and start fastening directing bruskov.

For this purpose in the floor basis if it not wooden, make apertures with step of 500-600 mm in which establish wooden stoppers. Then a bar put along a line of stoppers the wide party downwards, on its lateral side mark a pencil their arrangement and after that attach a bar to stoppers. That nails or screws got precisely to the stoppers established in the basis of a floor and a ceiling, it is possible to take advantage of other reception. In the beginning a drill with a thin drill to drill apertures in places of prospective fastening of bars-directing. Then to put bars to a floor and a ceiling on the lines of installation of a partition planned earlier and through apertures by means of a long nail and a hammer to plan places of stoppers.

Having fixed the bottom and top bars-directing, start installation of racks. The first rack krepjat to a wall by means of stoppers and nails, and the others through each 600 mm raskrepljajut between the top and bottom bar also fix or by means of the connections described in section "¤ыю=эшёэ№х, glass and hardware Ёрсю=№" or simply long nails hammered at an angle in a rack. Vertical position of racks check a plumb. In an installation site of a doorway of a rack it is necessary to move apart for width of a door box, and at the height equal to height of a door box, to fix a horizontal bar. The site of the bottom bar-directing in a door installation site can be cut to avoid a high threshold.

After skeleton assemblage start a covering gipsokartonnymi sheets. To a wooden skeleton sheets krepjat the zinced nails with wide hats or screws, placing on perimetre of each sheet through 400 mm, receding from an edge on 10-20 mm, and also in the middle of sheet through 600 mm. Joints between sheets and places of an adjunction of sheets to walls, a floor and overlapping close up shpatlevkami. In order to avoid occurrence of cracks on a place of joints, in process zadelki it is necessary to paste over the last with a gauze or mitkalju with the subsequent shpatlevkoj. The surfaces of partitions prepared thus paste over with wall-paper or other film and rolled materials.

For increase in sound insulation of its partition fill proshivnymi mineralovatnymi with floor-mats which fix to an inside of one of sheets glue. For this purpose in the beginning sheathe one party of a partition, and then fix floor-mats and start a covering of other party. The air backlash formed between a layer mineralovatnyh of floor-mats and gipsokartonnymi by sheets of a covering, will promote improvement of sound-proof properties of a partition.

If the height of partitions is more 2,5 m, gipsokartonnye sheets should be joined on a vertical. In this case joints should not be against each other from the different parties. In joint places it is desirable to fix cross-section bruski which create necessary rigidity.

Panel partitions which can be disassembled and moved on other place while in service for the purpose of change of overall dimensions of premises, make thus. First of all, as well as in the previous case, plan a partition installation site on a floor and on a ceiling. Then, if the doorway is provided, mark on a floor a place of its arrangement and width of a box. After that bolshee distance from a wall to a door break into the pieces equal to width of the panel so that their quantity kept within without the rest from a wall to a doorway. Thus the width of the panel can be from 500 to 600 mm (for example, 556 mm) that is caused in the sizes gipsokartonnyh the sheets which width of 1200 mm and consequently is more convenient to cut them half-and-half with the minimum losses.

In the same way mark a smaller piece from a doorway to a door. Certainly, is better to try to break all distance from a wall to a wall taking into account a doorway so that panels were the identical sizes.

Having defined width of panels, start manufacturing of skeletons from bruskov section 50X70 mm.

In vertical bruskah on the middle of an external wide side make grooves in width 5 and depth of 10 mm. After that bruski connect among themselves in the form of a frame and sheathe from two parties gipsokartonnymi sheets.

For increase in sound-proof qualities of panels it is possible to fill internal space proshivnymi mineralovatnymi with floor-mats or to fall asleep teplozvukoizoljatsionnym a type material vspuchennogo perlita, slag.

the Panel collapsible partition: and - fastening of the panel of a collapsible partition with the help raspornogo the screw; - a general view raspornogo devices and a place of its installation

a Fig. 40. A panel collapsible partition :
And - fastening of the panel of a collapsible partition with the help raspornogo the screw; - a general view raspornogo devices and a place of its installation

For raskreplenija panels between a floor and a ceiling it is necessary to make special raspornoe the device (fig. 40), representing a channel bent from a sheet steel in the thickness of 2-3 mm, the internal width between which regiments is equal to a thickness of a partition, and length of 80-100 mm. In the middle of a channel bore through an aperture in diameter of 6-8 mm, and from its internal party on an aperture weld a nut with a carving of the same diameter in which screw up a bolt with a head of the cone-shaped form with the pointed end. Such bolt can be received, having welded on upon it a piece of the pointed armature, or to make on a lathe. Described above raspornoe the device impose at installation of panels to a joint place so that the bolt entered into vertical grooves. If diameter of a bolt is wider than a groove, it is necessary to expand a groove with a drill on depth of a bolt. That panels have been strongly fixed between a floor and a ceiling, raspornyj the screw unscrew a wrench until the bolt head will rest the edge against a ceiling. In ferro-concrete overlapping in a place of a joint of an edge of a bolt with a ceiling it is recommended to make a notch. It will allow to exclude sliding of the screw in case of its easing.