This kind of furnish promotes cosiness creation, does walls much more warmly, improves acoustic properties of premises. To furnish apply linen and cotton fabrics, a sacking. Fix a fabric to a wall in the different ways: gluing, with the help reek or frames and others.
At gluing of a fabric it is necessary to prepare a surface of walls how under pasting by self-glued films: it should be absolutely smooth, it is good proshpaklevannoj. The fabric can be pasted mastics "…ѕё=шыр=" and "+ѕьшыръё" kazeinovym glue, and also flour paste.
Because the fabric at namokanii can give strong usadku, it is necessary for checking up preliminary on a separate piece. For this purpose the fabric piece should be wetted and dried up. If it will appear that the fabric strongly sits down, it it is necessary to wet and dry up all (this process is called dekotirovaniem). At small usadke the fabric can be used without namachivanija: small usadka will promote the best natjagivaniju it on a wall surface.
The Fabric as well as wall-paper, cuts on the panels which length should be equal to height of a premise from a floor to a ceiling. The received strips sew among themselves on length the Double (linen) seam so that to receive a uniform panel on all wall. After that it turn off in a roll on height of a panel and prepare rejki section 20X20 or 20X30 mm. The total length reek is defined by the area of a pasted over surface. For calculation measure the general extent of walls of a premise in metres, multiply on 2, (if rejki have through 0,5, and the received result, in turn, multiply by premise height.
Before the pasting beginning on a wall, beginning from a corner, in the width 100 sm put gluing mastic or paste. Then take a roll, put it to a wall, and carefully smoothing, paste a fabric strip on all height of a premise, there and then having fixed its edges a lath, having hammered in nails not to the hat. The following lath is filled on distance by of 50 sm from the first, and one more - on a seam place. The distance between nails at fastening of laths in corners should be to 10 sm, and other laths - 20-30 see it is necessary to mean that before fastening by laths the fabric at gluing is necessary for pulling on length and width. In connection with that that usadka fabrics on length at glue drying will be obligatory after a label of all panel its upper edge at a ceiling and bottom at a floor also it is necessary to fix laths and nails with distance between them no more than 10 see
After drying of gluing mastic or lath glue remove. At vydergivanii nailing a lath it is necessary to hold not to tear off a fabric. In some cases the surface which has been pasted over with a fabric, cover with a nitrovarnish.
Easier way of furnish of surfaces a fabric - a covering on wooden rejkam, one of which is fixed at a ceiling, another of a floor. Rejki is better, if it is possible, to close up in plaster so that they acted on 1-2 mm over plaster level. At fastening of panels to rejkam their top and bottom edges on 10-15 mm fold double and nail up in the length 10-15 mm with linings from a cardboard or a skin. At a ceiling it is necessary to cover places of fastenings stroganoj wooden rejkoj, covered with a varnish, and at a floor - a plinth.
The Different way of furnish of walls a fabric consists that sew all panel in one, and then pull on a wooden skeleton. In corners of walls the fabric is fixed nails with step by of 10 sm, the bottom edge is fixed by a plinth, and top - a lath-apportion.
Sometimes walls fit a fabric put in folds that allows to receive a beautiful surface which, besides, improves acoustic qualities of a premise. However for such furnish it is required to a fabric twice more.
For decrease zvukoprovodnosti walls and improvement teploizoljatsionnyh qualities (warming of a cold wall), it is possible to make decorative plates of plywood or DVP, foam rubber and a dense fabric. Before to start manufacturing of such plates, it is necessary to line a wall surface on squares or rectangles in the size about 500X500, 500X600, 600X600 mm etc.
On distance of 20 mm from a ceiling it is desirable to beat off the top line of furnish, and on distance of 50 mm from a floor - its bottom border.
According to the received sizes from plywood in the thickness of 8-10 mm or DSP cut a plate. After that in the thickness of 10-15 mm cut foam rubber on the sizes of plates. A fabric also cut on rectangular pieces so that their size exceeded the size of plates on a contour on 20-30 mm.
On plates stack foam rubber, cover with its fabric and attach one of fabric edges small nails from the back party of a plate. Then with an insignificant stretch beat the opposite end of a piece of a fabric and the remained edges. On the back party of a plate fix in the top and bottom part on two overlays from plywood or DVP so that they on length acted on 30 mm (the size of overlays 60X40 mm). Such overlays fix on all plates. The exception is made by plates of the top number of furnish on which the top overlays should act on 20 mm. A necessary condition which should be observed at fastening of overlays, displacement of the bottom overlays concerning top in the parties on the distance equal to their width is. In each of the top overlays in the centre of an acting part make by means of a drill of an aperture in diameter of 3-4 mm.
Facing by plates begin with a lower corner. The bottom side of a plate combine with the bottom line and a pencil mark through the aperture done in an overlay an installation site djubelja or stoppers for fastening of a plate by a screw. Then a plate temporarily put aside, and in the place noted by a pencil bore through or punch apertures. After that screws fix a plate. Thus establish all bottom number of plates. The bottom laths of plates press a plinth and fix screws to stoppers and djubeljam, in advance established in a wall with step of 1000 1200 mm on length of a wall.
Further start installation of a following number of plates. For this purpose also it is necessary to try on preliminary a plate installation site, having got the bottom overlays for the back party of the bottom plate. The same as it was described above, plan an installation site djubelja or stoppers and then establish and fix a plate.
After facing of all wall the top overlays cover with an apportion in the size 18Х10 mm and attach screws.
Plates of the small sizes sometimes replace with panels in width of 600 mm and the height equal to height of a premise. Instead of drevesnostruzhechnoj plates as the basis it is possible to make a wooden frame in which stack porolonovye the rugs fitted by a fabric. That wooden frames were not appreciable, bruskov obvjazki it is necessary to do a face sheet with insignificant skosom inside.