For painting works it is a lot of Tools. However the house master can be limited to the minimum set into which should enter a pneumospray, brushes, platens, shpateli, a ruler, and also capacities for cultivation of paints and other auxiliary adaptations (fig. 21).
a Fig. 21. A set of painting tools :
And, - a brush and a brush pobelochnya; in - a brush-tortsovka; g - flejtsy; d - a bench hammer; e - shpatel; - a spray; z - the platen porolonovyj; and - a brush trafaretnaja; to - a tray with a grid; I - the relief platen (nakatka)
As a pneumospray in house conditions use a vacuum cleaner with the special nozzle entering into a set more often.
Brushes for painting works are necessary for having different, specially intended for colouring by glutinous structures both oil paints and enamels. To colouring of the big surfaces of walls and ceilings apply mahovye brushes in diameter of 60-65 mm with length of hair to 100 mm, pobelochnye in the width 20 and thickness of 45-60 mm. Length of hair also about 100 mm. For the same purposes brushes maklovitsy which 120 and 170 mm happen to length of a bristle to 100 mm or rectangular round in diameter serve also.
At colouring of small surfaces by a glutinous or oil paint it is necessary to apply bench hammers - brushes of the small size with the short wooden handle. Diameter of such brushes of 25-55 mm.
svezhenanesennoj paints are applied To smoothing flejtsy - flat brushes in width of 25-100 mm made of a high-quality bristle or from barsuchego of hair. They are used basically when on the painted surface brush traces are visible.
Carrying out of straight lines, vytjagivanie panels, and also colouring of small surfaces in hard-to-reach spots is carried out filenchatymi by brushes in diameter 6, 8, 10, 14, 18 mm from the white rigid bristle fixed in a metal frame, nasazhennoj on the wooden handle.
If it is necessary svezheokrashennuju to process a surface "яюф °руЁхэі" i.e. To receive a roughness, the brush-tortsovka in the size 154X76 mm is applied.
Quality of colouring in many respects depends on a condition of brushes. After a glutinous paint of a brush wash with warm water with a soda small amount; after oil-gasoline, kerosene, turpentine or other solvents, and after nitropaints - acetone. Then brushes wash out warm water and dry in a hover volosom downwards.
New painting brushes follows otmachivat in hot water within an hour. It considerably will strengthen hair.
Long hair on brushes are necessary for tying up so that the length of hair made 50-60 mm. In process of them istiranija a garter remove.
At short breaks in brush work it is possible to store in banks with water. That brush hair did not concern a bottom, it is necessary to make the special terminator (fig. 22).
a Fig. 22. The elementary adaptations protecting damage of brushes at short breaks in work
a Fig. 23. The adaptation for convenience of performance of painting works at height :
And - a hook for suspension of capacity with a paint; - fixing of a ladder by means of a peg; in - perastavnoj a little table for work at different levels; g - a step-ladder used for colouring of walls at ladders; d - a support for a ladder at colouring of acting elements; e - perestavnaja the widened step
Along with brushes platens are applied to colouring of surfaces of walls and ceilings. With their help the impressive surface "яюф °руЁхэі" turns out;. Platens are made of rubber, foam rubber or fur. Diameter of platens happens from 40 to 70, length - from 100 to 250 mm. The platen is put on an axis fixed on a core with the handle.
At work as platens for the purpose of economy of a paint it is necessary to apply a grid. The platen dip into the colourful structure which surplus wring out about a grid located over capacity with a paint. Instead of a grid use sheet of a roofing steel or a tin and fill in it frequent apertures.
Shpateli are necessary for drawing, smoothing and smoothing shpaklevochnogo a layer on surfaces prepared under colouring. It is desirable to have a little shpatelej: metal with a wide cloth - 180-200 mm and with narrow - 45-100, wooden in the width 80-120 mm and wide with a rubber insert.
For carrying out of straight lines, otvodki panels etc. Apply a ruler in length 1000 or 1200, width 30-60 and thickness of 10 mm which one party should be with the removed facet.
Except the listed tools, for carrying out of painting works it is necessary to have capacities for paints, mobile kozelki with podmostjami, a small sieve, a sponge, rags, etc. For safety and convenience of works at height it is necessary to use various adaptations (fig. 23).